According to the international standards, porcelain tile is a type of ceramic made from ceramic raw materials pressed at high pressures.
Ceramic is one of the oldest known building elements.
The clays used in the production of enameled granite ceramic tiles are typical porcelain clays, much purer than the raw materials used in the production of glazed tiles, and the grain sizes are thinner. The degree of water absorption is less than 0.5%. These tiles are defined as the highest quality product of Class B1a (technical porcelain, granite ceramic).
The degree of water absorption of non-porcelain tiles is greater than these values. In general granite ceramics are referred to as ''full body''. Body color is the cooking color of the mud since no other enameling process is performed. Mud color can be given by grinding the paint together with raw materials, or by adding the paint opened in a separate mill to the colorless mud in mud mixing pools.
Tile porcelain is presented to the consumer as matte or polished according to their desire. Shiny porcelain tiles are obtained as a result of grinding matte tiles. Since the polishing process causes a penetration of the very hard upper layer that is formed during the baking phase, the stain resistance of the polished surfaces is slightly lower than that of the matte surfaces.
2. What Is Nano?
Nano is stain-proof and its water absorption rate is low. It is an ideal material for building exterior cladding due to its durability and low maintenance features. Cleaning and maintenance is easy.
Hygiene: Porcelain tiles are the best choice for bathrooms and kitchens as well as industrial plants, hospitals since they are hygienic. It is also hypoallergenic, it prevents dust and it does not allow bacteria and fungus to breed.
3. What is PEI?
Strength classes are defined by the PEI value. Granite ceramic tiles are the latest product of ceramic technology, which combines strength and aesthetics together. Bending strength: 550 kg/cm2. PEI value: should be 4-5.
For residential applications, PEI (surface abrasion) value should be selected taking technical characteristics such as hardness, stain resistance, chemical resistance and easy cleaning into account.
4. What is class R?
Slipperiness (for pedestrian circulation areas only) R: 9 - 10 - 11 - 12 - 13 / CLASS: A - B - C / DIN 51130 / DIN 51097
5. What is the NPD class?
Skid Resistance (only for external uses in vehicular circulation areas)
6. What is the definition of Polished Porcelain Tiles (Shiny Unglazed Porcelain Tiles)?
It is a ceramic tile formed by one of the methods of dry pressing or pulling. In addition, due to the absence of a layer of glaze on the surface, it has a homogeneous structure in appearance, aesthetic elements such as color patterns are provided by coloring the body. In general, especially unglazed porcelain tiles are suitable for business areas due to their high abrasion resistance.
In case of staining on glossy porcelain, in order for the stain not to be permanent, the tile surface must be cleaned with stain remover materials without waiting. Sensitive to acids and bases. Resistant to freezing. It is the most suitable material that can be used against the risk of slipping. It is not affected by sunlight or artificial lighting.
Technical porcelain granite ceramic tiles, is used on surfaces exposed to corrosive materials and pedestrian circulation (shopping malls, galleries, markets, cafeteria entries, circulation areas, and shops).
7. What is the definition of Glazed Porcelain Tiles (Glazed Porcelain Tiles)?
It is a ceramic tile formed by one of the methods of dry pressing or pulling, its surface is covered with a waterproof layer, this waterproof layer is generally called a glaze, elements that add aesthetics and charm to the tile, such as color, patterns, and decor, are made into this glaze layer.
The physical strength of this layer is especially important for the continuity of the functionality and aesthetics of the abrasion resistance tile, for all glazed tiles laid on the ground, attention should be paid to the abrasion values given by the manufacturers in their catalogs.
8. How To Choose The Right Product?
In product selection, examine the technical characteristics as well as aesthetic characteristics.
You should choose the right tiles considering your preferances and environment.
Tiles have many different technical characteristics such as chemical resistance, anti-slip, abrasion, stain resistance, water absorption, hardness, anti-bacterial, and these technical characteristics are determined in accordance with TS EN 14411.
In ceramic applications, anti-slip and stain resistance features come to the fore. For residential applications, PEI (surface abrasion) value should be selected taking technical characteristics such as hardness, stain resistance, chemical resistance and easy cleaning into account.
While design common areas, high-strength materials that are especially resistant to scratches, abrasion and impact resistance should be used in public areas such as hotel lobbies, schools, airports since they are subjected to heavy traffic.
If floor covering is to be made outdoors, our porcelain products should be preferred. If floor tiles are to be laid, adhesive and waterproof, frost-resistant joint filling material should be used in accordance with these properties.
9. How Much Should I Order?
Before determining your ceramic needs, you should decide on how are you going to tile the floor. Diagonal? Parallel? The quantity used does not change when considering the total area. But depending on the floor tile and the shape of the area the cutting loss may be excessive.
You have to decide how much joint gap there will be between the tiles. Generally, people give a joint gap of 2-3 mm for small sizes, 3 mm for medium sizes, and 3-4 mm for large sizes.
We do not recommend laying ceramic applications without joint gaps.
It should be determined how many m2 of ceramics will be used as the skirting boards.
Considering that it will be used for renovations in the future, we recommend that you give your orders including a 10% extra tile. Please note that in the future, you may not be able to find the continuation of the product or the same color tone.
Keep the increased product with its packaging.
10. Granite ceramic should be applied and used in the appropriate place according to the type of granite ceramic. And what happens if it's not used accordingly?
If these two conditions are met, ceramic can be used for many years and helps you live in a healthy environment. Ceramics laid by non-experts can be damaged in a short time. This is not the fault of ceramics, but of the person who makes the application.
When flooring the tiles, one of the most important points to pay attention to is that the application area needs to be smooth and straight. If the application area is rough, it should be removed and smoothed before laying. If there is a curvature on the application area, this must be flattened before laying.
It is also important to know where to start flooring. If the starting point is not well chosen, there will be disfigurements on the wall bottoms and door entries that are not pleasant to the eye. The choice of grout material is also important in flooring. The appropriate grout material should be selected and used by mixing the proportions specified in the catalogs.
A certain period of time must pass for the laid ceramics to fall into place. This time varies according to season, weather and region. It is usually 24-48 hours. You should not step or put weight on the tiles before this waiting period. Otherwise, ceramics that do not stick well will be displaced.
It is recommended to leave 3 millimeters as a floor openning between ceramic floor tiles. Joint gaps for wall tiles must be laid with a joint gap of 2 millimeters and rectified tiles must be laid with a joint gap of 1 millimeter. More gap will make the appearance ugly. If the gap is less than 3 millimeters for floor tile, 2 millimeters for wall tile and 1 millimeter for rectified tiles, the ceramic ends rub together resulting in breaks at the edges.